Cloud computing is the service availability of the computer system, especially cloud storage, without direct active management by the user.
The term is generally used to describe available to users over the Cloud computing offers a variety of benefits but it has some Vulnerabilities also. There are some Possible Vulnerabilities are mentioned like: Data Breaches, Targeted Attack, Simple Human Errors, Application Vulnerabilities, Poor Security Policies, Natural Disasters, Simple Human Errors, Hard Drive Failures, Power Failures, Malware Infection, Weak Network Architecture, Insecure Network Protocol, Vulnerable Application,
Vulnerable Systems and APIs, Weak API Credentials, Key Management, Operating System Bugs, Hypervisor Bugs, Unlatched Software. “Many cloud computing providers such as Google, Microsoft, Yahoo, IBM and Amazon are moving towards adoption of cloud technology leading to a considerable escalation in the usage of various cloud services” (Birje, 2017).
Data breaches are a major issue in cloud computing. Because some attackers and unauthorized web sides try to steals data without user permission. It is only because of poor services. It allows us to enter an unauthorized network in the source network and steals private data. Hackers are easily found the data in private services also.
Cloud computing runs software, the software has vulnerabilities and tries to exploit those vulnerabilities. In cloud computing, Consumers have reduced visibility and control. When transitioning assets/operations to the cloud, organizations lose some visibility and control over the operations. When users are using external cloud services, then it becomes the responsibility of some of the policies.
The main issue in cloud computing is lost Stored Data. Data stored in the cloud can be lost for reasons other than malicious software attacks. Accidental deletion of data by the cloud service provider or a physical disaster, such as a fire or earthquake, can lead to the permanent loss of customer data. The burden of avoiding data loss does not fall on the provider’s shoulders. The employee of the organization encrypts its data before uploading it to the cloud but loses the encryption key, the data will be lost.
Increase Cyber security Risk is due to a lack of understanding. Organizations transfer the data into the cloud often without understanding the full scope of doing so, the security measures used by the cloud computing services, and responsible to provide security measures. Employees or user decides to use cloud services without fully understanding how those services must be secured. “Virtualization technologies allow multiple tenants to share physical resources with a degree of security and isolation that cannot be guaranteed by mere containerization” (Pietro & Lombardi, 2018).
Many organizations operating in the cloud in every service when already know about the cyber security risk. Cloud computing service failure, because the customers do not understand the security, depends on which points and meetings.
The organization chooses cloud service as security that should be awarded by all threats also and update all the employees and users as well and should be followed all the steps for security. “With cloud computing emerging as the latest technological advancement,
it also brings various unexplored threats which raise critical security questions about data security on the cloud” (Bhattacharya, 2017).