For each article, number your responses to the following annotation prompts: For

For each article, number your responses to the following annotation prompts:
Formatted citation of the article: decide on a format that ALL group members will use consistently
Connection to the textbook: You can complete this sentence or something similar: This article relates to chapter ___ because ____.
Summary: What are the main arguments (i.e., findings)? What is the point of this article? What topics are covered? If someone asked what this article is about, what would you say? How does their research move the field of behavioral ecology forward?
Assessment: After summarizing a source, it is helpful to evaluate it. Is it a useful source? How does it compare with other sources in your bibliography, any common trends? Is the information reliable? Is this source biased or objective? What is the goal of this source?
Reflect: Once you’ve summarized and assessed a source, you need to ask how it fits into your research. Was this source helpful to you? How does it help you shape your argument? How can you use this source in your proposed research project? Has it changed how you think about your topic?
Look forward: What follow-up research do they suggest? What questions do they say remain unanswered? If the authors do not provide any, what questions remain in your head after reading their paper?
Articles:
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10641-021-01094-8
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00227-006-0325-1
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s00265-016-2179-y
I have also attached the chapter where you create the connection between the textbook.
Thanks.

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Compare and contrast the processes of diffusion, facilitated transport, osmosis,

Compare and contrast the processes of diffusion, facilitated transport, osmosis, and active transport of molecules across a cell membrane. Includes each process and
describes how it differs from other transport processes.
The paper should be 400- 500 words (~ 1 double-spaced, APA formatted page).

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The Scientific Method Scientific discovery is based upon the use of the scientif

The Scientific Method
Scientific
discovery is based upon the use of the scientific method. This is a
very structured, logical method to approach any problem, not just in
science. In the scenario for your discussion this week, you will be
assigned to work with Tanesha, a researcher for a major pharmaceutical
company, who will help you to reach a conclusion regarding the
effectiveness of a plant to treat various health disorders.
Then, you will determine the validity of sources by applying the
critical thinking skills discussed in this week’s reading material.
Review
the Scientific Method and Critical Thinking sections in your required
readings this week. After reviewing the readings, discuss how you would
use the scientific method in the following scenario. You must apply all
of the steps in the scientific method: make an observation, develop a
testable hypothesis, perform an experiment, analyze the results of the
experiment, reach a conclusion, and consider
the next steps (e.g., make new predictions and test them or communicate
the results).
Tanesha,
a researcher for a major pharmaceutical company, has tasked you with
helping her test a plant that, according to the locals, has major health
benefits.
Locals claim that the moringa leaf may be a good treatment for various
disorders, including asthma, edema, constipation, diabetes, seizures,
ulcers, headaches, kidney stones, and hypertension. Additionally, they
believe that the plant might help to fight infections
caused by the Salmonella In your response to the discussion question, you will:
Choose ONE of the disorders listed (i.e.,
asthma, edema, constipation, diabetes, seizures, ulcers, headaches, kidney stones, hypertension, or Salmonella infection)
Apply
the steps of the scientific method to reach a conclusion regarding the
potential use of this plant to treat your selected health disorder.
Note: You must
apply all
Communicate your conclusion to your peers.
After
you have reached a conclusion, find one reliable and one non-reliable
source regarding the claims about the moringa leaf. Share these sources
in your response,
clearly labeling which is reliable and which is not. Explain how you
determined the reliability of each source. Please ensure that the
sources are formatted as per APA-formatting guidelines.
For
additional information on determining the reliability of sources,
please review the following tutorial from the Purdue Global Library: Choosing
the best web source.
You can also find additional information about determining reliability of our sources in our Writing
Center.
Please also take some time to tour
the Purdue Global Library.
Discussion Requirements and Guidelines:
Discussion
responses should be on topic, original, and contribute to the quality
of the discussion by making frequent informed references to lesson
materials. To be considered for full credit:
The initial post should answer all Discussion
Board topics
Academic/authoritative sources of information are utilized to support ideas as needed.
Include In-text citations and references following APA style where applicable
Spell check all work, use correct grammar, punctuation,
Avoid plagiarism and work with the Writing Center as needed
Work should display superior content, organization, style, and mechanics, as well as being original and insightful
For help with citations, refer to the APA
Quick Reference Guide.
Use this reference when referring to your text:
Goodenough, J., & McGuire, B. (2017). Biology
of humans: Concepts, applications, and issues. Pearson.

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You are a doctor in a hospital, and a patient is experiencing trouble with her s

You are a doctor in a hospital, and a patient is experiencing trouble with her skin repairing itself from a cut. The patient is also expecting a child, but the cells in the reproduction development are experiencing malfunction in cell division.
Describe the stages of each type of cell reproduction process from a normal patient whose body cells can repair themselves and normal cell division during the reproductive development of the unborn baby.
Explain the disadvantages and advantages of each type of cell division.
Discuss how the patient experiencing problems with the cells repairing from the cut and the child’s reproduction development malfunctions can alter haploid and diploid cell development.
Need a clear, logical discussion describing each stage of cell reproduction related to the two types of cell division.
Need a clear, logical discussion of: three disadvantages and advantages of each type of cell division.
need a clear, logical explanation of the patient’s inability to repair cells from the cut and describes possible malfunctions in the reproduction development of the unborn baby.

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This assignment is for Microbiology class, please keep this in mind when writing

This assignment is for Microbiology class, please keep this in mind when writing this paper as the disease chosen will have to be explained microscopically.
For this assignment prepare an information tool (write-up: word, PDF, PowerPoint etc.) relevant to the assigned disease. You could use attractive pictures, layout, data, etc. The information should be at the level of the course, and it should be clear enough for the reader/audience. Before final submission, proofread the writing.
Learning Outcome: Students will demonstrate knowledge and understanding of an infectious disease affecting an organ system of human.
Students will create an information tool (write-up) that will bring awareness to a target audience about a relevant, important infectious disease affecting a named organ system.
Parts of the project:
Create an Information tool (write-up) appropriate to the target audience affected by the selected disease (25 points)
Guidelines/Instructions:
Introduction (description)
Identify the disease (by formal and common name, if applicable)
Determine the organ system it affects.
History of the Disease (when, who, how about the discovery etc)
Who is affected by this disease? (age, gender, cultural group etc)
Number of people affected by this disease. (nationwide or world statistics)
Causative agents
Proper names (common names if applicable) and its classification: bacteria, protist, fungus, virus, or helminth.
Pathogenesis and Virulence factors
Explain how the disease is transmitted/spread (stage and condition)
Describe the disease sign and symptoms
Culture and Diagnosis (what samples are collected, and what techniques are available to diagnose)
Prevention and treatment
Give advice on how to respond to infection (ignore/self treat/see doctor)
Mention treatment options by doctor (drugs, type, side effects, precautions etc.)
Speculate on the prognosis for recovery
Suggest prevention measures
Two recent developments/Research (2016-2021)
References (List at least 4 complete references)

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BIO 299 Pathology/Microbial-Environmental Interactions Paper (THIS IS A MICROBIO

BIO 299 Pathology/Microbial-Environmental Interactions Paper
(THIS IS A MICROBIOLOGY RESEARCH PAPER)
You will pick a microorganism for your paper on pathology or microbe-environment interactions. The organism can not be one of the ones your instructor goes over during lecture listed in the syllabus. Select a pathogen/microbe from current events that is an emerging or reemerging concern to you or people in your area. Provide local epidemiological data/statistics for the organism.
The paper must be in APA format and 2-5 pages.
Your paper must include:
Introduction to the organism (structure, cell type, morphology, metabolic requirements, natural reservoir, history, etc.)
Introduction to the disease(s) caused by the organism (epidemiology, signs, symptoms, etc.) OR introduction to the environmental impact of the organism
List and describe factors employed by the organism to assist in its growth, reproduction, culture conditions, host/pathogen interactions and/or virulence. (e.g. nitrogen fixation, symbiotic interactions etc.) Categorize virulence factors by mechanisms of action (Immunity Avoidance, Tissue/Cell Lysis, Colonization/Spread)
Discussion of treatment/prevention options for the disease(s) caused by the organism (Antibiotics or other chemotherapeutics given as part of treatment and their mechanisms of action, Vaccines available and type)
3 primary and at least 2 secondary scholarly sources

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* Report instructions attached * To help the writer understand how this report s

* Report instructions attached
* To help the writer understand how this report should look like, I have also attached a sample report.
* This assignment requires you to go outside (preferably the park) take clear photos with your phone and so I’m fine adding a bonus for this “egg hunt” if you will, you only have to let me know the amount. Each organism must fall with the 13 named categories. Note, you can even use photos from a family trip, hiking, kayaking, zoo visit, garden, or park from your own phone, as long as those photos were taken by you and fall within one of the 13 categories.
* The assignment requires at least 10 clear photos, but about 13 is STRONGLY PREFERRED. That is why I chose 7 pages instead of 5 because 2 photos and their description per page would typically add up to 5 pages
*No sources needed
*No in-text citations
*Hence this report should look exactly like the template, except the photos will be taken by you and the description made by you.

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Module 1 Assignment Description Human anatomy is the study of structure and form

Module 1 Assignment Description
Human anatomy is the study of structure and form of the human body; human physiology is the study if its functions. Understanding how the body is constructed and how the body operates is essential.
Read the following case study and complete the questions. Please do not copy and paste the case study into your assignment.
The Case of Kenji Oshima: Is Heartburn Dangerous?
Introduction
Kenji Oshima (called KO) is a 58-year-old man who has not been to the doctor’s office for many years. He hasn’t had a physical exam by a healthcare provider in over 15 years, which is not uncommon for men of his age. He has had insurance provided by his employer, but he hasn’t used it because he hasn’t been sick. Unfortunately, over the last 8 months this has changed. In this period, KO inexplicably lost almost 20 pounds, and he just didn’t feel very well. He frequently become short of breath and nauseated, which was followed by frightening episodes where he became almost feverish and sweaty. He finally decided, with pressure from his wife and daughter, that he needed a full checkup.
The history and physical exam (H&P) is a critical tool in the initial evaluation of the healthcare needs of the patient. If the healthcare provider asks the patient the right questions and pays close attention to their answers, the patient will often tell the provider what is wrong with them. There is no substitute for the relationship between patient and healthcare provider. The complete H&P is just as important a tool as x-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRIs), lab work, and the multitude of other advanced technological studies available to modern medicine. This case follows KO through his first visit with his new primary care provider.
After KO filled out a medical history questionnaire in the waiting area, it didn’t take too long for him to be called back to an examination room. The medical assistant took KO’s vital signs (blood pressure, temperature, heart rate, and respiratory rate) and measured his height and weight, and then ushered him into a small examination room. KO was given a gown to wear and instructed to disrobe completely under the gown, and then to have a seat on the exam table.
Ms. Young, advanced registered nurse practitioner (ARNP), introduced herself as the nurse practitioner who would be asking KO many questions in addition to those on the questionnaire. She said she would also be performing the physical portion of his exam. Miss Young noticed that KO’s father had died of gastric cancer at the age of 64.
When KO asked if he wasn’t supposed to see a doctor rather than a nurse practitioner, Ms. Young explained her role in the family practice medical group, something she explained regularly to new patients. KO wasn’t that familiar with the changes in healthcare and the types of providers that were practicing these days. He admitted that he was nervous about the appointment in general and meant no disrespect, but he was curious about Ms. Young’s qualifications and her educational background. Seeing KO’s apprehension, Ms. Young encouraged him to ask questions about anything that he felt would put his mind at ease.
It is critical to develop a rapport with a new patient that is built on mutual respect and trust. This is the foundation that allows a healthcare provider to ask for and collect sensitive information that patients are sometimes unwilling to discuss even with close family members. In this same way, the study of anatomy and physiology is an important educational foundation to which aspiring healthcare providers must commit themselves. Without a solid foundation, the obligation to lifelong learning that all professions within the healthcare field advocate is a hollow oath.
KO’s unexplained weight loss, palpable right upper quadrant pain, history of stomach pain made worse by eating, and persistent heartburn were concerning. The nausea could be associated with heartburn, but periodic hot flashes and shortness of breath were out of context with these mostly gastrointestinal symptoms. Ms. Young thought they were all related, but she thought a referral to a specialist was the correct intervention for this patient. She did not feel comfortable formulating a treatment plan without more information than her H&P had provided. KO’s Japanese heritage and the fact that his father had died from complications of gastric cancer made the decision to refer KO to a specialist simple.
The gastroenterologist, a specialist of the gastrointestinal system, would want several baseline labs prior to seeing KO in his or her office. Ms. Young discussed her plan with KO, as she would need his consent to make these arrangements and she wanted to make sure that he understood why she was referring him to a specialist. KO was disappointed and more than a little frightened, but he understood Ms. Young’s rationale. She discussed her concerns about his family history of gastric cancer, and that his symptoms were beyond her scope of practice to diagnose and treat. She would be happy to continue to see him as a primary care provider nonetheless. KO signed the consent form and was to report to the local clinical laboratory with the list of his lab results that the specialist required for their first visit.
Ms. Young recalls her Anatomy & Physiology (A&P) course that initially inspired her to pursue an advanced degree after her Associate of Science in Nursing (ASN). She saw how she began by learning about the smallest building blocks of life and worked her way through increasingly more complex organizational levels of the human body. Define the six levels of organization of the body. Describe each level and explain how it is related to the next higher level. Explain the eleven major organs systems in the body.
Anatomical position is assumed when using directional terms to describe, document, and discuss the findings of the examination of different regions of the body. Describe how the body is situated in anatomical position and why it is considered important.
Ms. Young is concerned about KO’s heartburn symptoms and stomach pain because of the history of gastric cancer in his immediate family. For that reason, she has referred him to a gastroenterologist for a more focused work-up. (a) Describe the location and subdivisions of the ventral cavity and (b) the dorsal cavity. (c) Describe which cavity or cavities the endoscopic device, which looks like a long hose, must travel through to get from the mouth to the stomach.

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Define the term community with respect to population diversity / location within

Define the term community with respect to population diversity / location within the ecosystem (CLO 1)
2. Given a community, identify the species that belong to that community based upon habitat (CLO 4)
3. Given an organism, describe its relationship to animals that it would prey upon and animals that would
prey upon it with respect to population density (CLO 1, 4)
4. Given an organism, discuss the defenses it would have against predators with respect to camouflage,
warning coloration, and mimicry (CLO 1, 4)
5. Given two organisms of different species, discuss the type of relationship between these two organisms
(symbiosis, parasitism, mutualism, commensalism) with respect to population interaction (CLO 4)

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A & P Pathophysiology Paper You will pick a disease for your pathophysiology pap

A & P Pathophysiology Paper
You will pick a disease for your pathophysiology paper. The disease must be for one of the organ systems covered this term listed in the syllabus. Select a disease from current events that is an emerging or reemerging concern to you or people in your area. Provide local epidemiological data for the disease.
The paper must be in APA format and 2-5 pages.
Your paper must include:
Introduction to the disease and the organ system (history, signs, symptoms, epidemiology etc.)
Discussion of the normal anatomy and physiology of the organ system involved (cell and tissue populations involved, organs, primary functions, connections to other body systems)
Discussion of the changes to the anatomy and physiology as a result of the disease (pathophysiology)
Discussion of treatment/prevention options
3 primary and at least 2 secondary scholarly sources

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